The maximum allowable weight of a fully loaded vehicle, including liquids, passengers, cargo, and the tongue weight of any towed vehicle.
GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating)
The maximum allowable weight each axle assembly is designed to carry, as measured at the tires, therefore including the weight of the axle assembly itself. GAWR is established by considering the rating of each of its components (tires, wheels, springs, axle), and rating the axle on its weakest link. In general the vehicle industryt assumes that the load is equal on each side of the axle. For RVs this should not be assumed. The Vehicle is a home on wheels which means there is a greater likelihood of side to side balance issues.
GCWR (Gross Combination Weight Rating)
The maximum allowable combined weight of the tow vehicle and an attached towed vehicle(s). GCWR assumes that both vehicles have functioning brakes, with exceptions in some cases for very light towed vehicles, normally less than 1,500 pounds. (Find GCWR - Towing Guides)
GTWR (Gross Trailer Weight Rating)
The maximum towed vehicle weight. Each hithch component (receiver, drawbar, ball, etc) of a ball-type hitch has its own rating. Some ball-type hitches have separate ratings when used with a weight distributing system.
Different terms for the maximum vertical load that can be carried by the hitch.
Tire Maximum Load
The maximum load or maximum load capacity of each tire is molded on the sidewall, along with a corresponding COLD inflation pressure. There may also be a 3 digit code which identifies the tires maximum load and is called the load index. A reduction in inflation pressure corresponds to a reduction in load carrying capacity. Tire manufacturers publish charts that establish the load capacity at various inflation pressures for each tire.
Weight and Load
These terms are generally used interchangeably. For the purposes of understanding RV applications, vehicles have weight, which impart loads to tires, axles, and hitches. Scale measurements taken when weighing are loads carried by the tires. These measured loads are used to calculate Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW), Gross Axle Weight (GAW), Gross Combination Weight (GCW), and hitch loads.